宏学堂·第三节|须知早期儿童成长的四项发展需要

2020-01-13 11:09:30 宏钰堂教育 140

早期儿童成长的四个发展需求

学龄前期是儿童身体、认知、社交和情感有显著发展的时期。专业幼儿园装修设计师首先要了解这四个方面的发展需要,才能制定出有助于儿童发展良好个性和身体发育的设计方案。

Preschool is a period when children's physical, cognitive, social and emotional development is significant. Designers should first understand the development needs of these four aspects, in order to develop a design plan that helps children develop good personality and physical development.

早期儿童成长的发展需要

身体发展

身体发展指的是运动技能、体能和自信心的发展,同时促进身体健康。儿童在早期生长发育迅速,运动技能主要有以下两种类型:

Physical development refers to the development of sports skills, physical fitness and self-confidence, while promoting physical health. Children grow and develop rapidly in the early stage. There are two main types of motor skills:

·大肌肉运动技能指的是大肌肉的运动和协调,包括手臂和腿部等。为了发展大肌肉运动技能,孩子们需要走、爬、挖、滚、跑、跳、蹦、骑、跳、平衡、投球、紧握、摇摆、抬举、推、拉、跌倒、伸展、手提等。

·Big muscle movement skill refers to the movement and coordination of big muscles, including arms and legs. In order to develop large muscle motor skills, children need to walk, climb, dig, roll, run, jump, jump, ride, jump, balance, throw, grip, swing, lift, push, pull, fall, stretch, carry, etc.

·小肌肉运动技能指的是手指、脚趾、眼晴等细小运动。为了发展小肌肉运动,孩子们需要画、写、抓、扔、挥、握、捡等。

·Small muscle movement skills refer to small movements such as fingers, toes and eyes. In order to develop small muscle movement, children need to draw, write, grasp, throw, wave, grasp, pick up, etc.

认知发展

认知发展指的是儿童的心理发展。认知技能与语言、感知、记忆、推理、解决问题和思考、想象等有关。为了获得认知技能,孩子们需要:

Cognitive development refers to children's psychological development. Cognitive skills are related to language, perception, memory, reasoning, problem solving, thinking, imagination, etc. In order to acquire cognitive skills, children need to:

参与游戏空间布局的决策;

Participate in the decision-making of game space layout;

明确和发展他们的环境;

Define and develop their environment;

感受所有权和伙伴关系;

Feel ownership and partnership;

做决定,获悉可能性;

Make a decision and learn the possibility;

坐在高处、仔细观察、计划、躲藏和显现;

Sit high, observe carefully, plan, hide and show;

角色扮演;

cosplay;

后撤、躲藏的同时观察其他人的活动;

Retreat and hide while observing other people's activities;

保持安静,观察周围的世界;

Keep quiet and observe the world around you;

探索、发现和反思。

Exploration, discovery and reflection.

早期儿童成长的发展需要

社交发展

社交发展指的是儿童学会与身边人互动的过程。在这个过程中,孩子们了解了规则、合作和共享,并用这些发展友谊及其他关系。通过社交发展,他们还培养了语言技能、树立了自尊心,强化了学习技能并学会处理冲突。

Social development refers to the process that children learn to interact with people around them. In the process, children learn about rules, cooperation and sharing, and use them to develop friendships and other relationships. Through social development, they have also developed language skills, built self-esteem, strengthened learning skills and learned to deal with conflicts.

情感发展

情感发展指的是儿童感受的出现,对情感的表达、认识和管理。通过情感发展,他们懂得了喜欢、同情、责任等。

Emotional development refers to the emergence of children's feelings, the expression, understanding and management of emotions. Through emotional development, they understand like, sympathy, responsibility, etc.

为了获得社交和情感技能,孩子们需要参与社交,交谈,分享,一起出去玩,参与自由游戏,一起走和跑,接触大自然,照料玩具、植物或是动物,感受美景随季节而变化的植物、光线、色彩、结构等。

In order to acquire social and emotional skills, children need to participate in social interaction, conversation, sharing, going out and playing together, participating in free games, walking and running together, contacting with nature, caring for toys, plants or animals, and experiencing plants, light, color, structure, etc. with beautiful scenery changing with seasons.

 



标签:   学龄前儿童发展特点 郑州宏钰堂装修