A good environment is conducive to children's development, to their creativity and to their ability to connect, communicate, desire to find and learn. In contrast to the traditional institutional learning model, a good learning space for children helps them to better express themselves and develop their personality, which is very important, because each child is unique - their learning style is different and their learning progress is different.
Learning space for children
Children's learning space can be interpreted as "the place children use to learn". We can divide it into three parts to understand.
Children of different ages, their physiological and psychological characteristics, the way of perceiving the world and so on are very different, which determines their requirements for learning space are also different.
Generally speaking, learning refers to the process of acquiring knowledge or skills through reading, listening, thinking, research and practice. There are also great differences in the process of acquiring knowledge or skills among different learning subjects. For preschool children, especially young children, they are not so much learning as playing.
In this stage, most of the children understand and perceive the world around them through "playing", so as to obtain the knowledge necessary for their growth. Therefore, hongxuetang believes that learning space not only has the function of "classroom", but also has the function of "purposefully encouraging children to explore and discover through play".
For preschool children, this place can be a kindergarten, playground, museum, early education center, children's room at home, or even a pool and sand pile in the community.
Changing learning space for children
Research shows that people who have had a positive experience in childhood tend to perform better in their future lives, which has a positive impact on the whole society. With the continuous change of technology and education, new forms of preschool education facilities have emerged.
Most notably, we can note the openness of the space - the new pre-school facilities are increasingly inclined to open layout - and the diversity of activities. Preschool facilities began to introduce some new activities, most of which used to be part-time activities. This has also changed the form, type and use of contemporary pre-school facilities .
We can find that some changes have influenced how we design preschool education buildings. Among them, the most obvious are the changes of the whole society (different values, personalization, new forms of the relationship between children and adults), as well as the changes of education construction and construction technology.
Today's society is more and more technology-oriented, the use of technology has also entered the kindergarten. Many institutions have been using computers for children's autonomous learning since very early, but there are also some who oppose technology. Perhaps the best balance is between technology, social skills and physical activity. Educational reform has also changed the role of teachers in the game room. Contemporary preschool education needs to embrace these changes.
Norms have changed - contemporary education caters to the individual development of young children, while the role of teachers in pre-school facilities is closer to that of trainers rather than traditional teachers. Trainers strive to help children acquire better learning and life skills, and help children face difficulties to build their individual personality and ability. In turn, it also creates opportunities for teachers to play different active roles in the learning process.
Although we can find new preschool education facilities in various forms and materials, in fact, the main transformation of contemporary preschool education facilities does not lie in the type or form. With the development of education, modern preschool education facilities are not only a place for children to be cared for, or where learning behavior can only take place in the form of teaching and learning.
Contemporary education will consider all kinds of problems, from drawing to using toilets, it is a learning process. Learning is everywhere, so the use of pre-school education environment has changed a lot. Today, more and more space is being built into learning areas, while the area of service areas and staff areas is shrinking.
Preschool education facilities usually involve sustainable design issues, ranging from passive energy-saving methods, such as proper sun orientation, shading and energy-saving windows, to active energy-saving methods, such as rain and flood management, renewable energy from solar cells or heat pumps, to reduce energy consumption. Some facilities tend to use intelligent equipment to control the use of lighting and ventilation equipment, so as to reduce human factors, and optimize the overall energy consumption of the building. Preschool facilities also hope to develop children's environmental awareness through the application of sustainable technologies.
A space for children to learn is a place for children to develop cognitive, emotional, social and physical skills. It is often said that "a good kindergarten is the third teacher of children". The meaning of this sentence is that an excellent kindergarten not only focuses on how beautiful and novel the building or space is, but also pays more attention to the detail design of the space and the cultivation of children's independent learning ability to truly achieve the purpose of promoting education through design.